Established in 2005, the National Child Measurement Programme (NCMP) weighs and measures children in Reception (typically aged 4–5 years) and Year 6 (aged 10–11 years). The findings are used to inform local planning and delivery of services for children and gather population-level surveillance data to allow analysis of trends in excess weight. The programme also seeks to raise awareness of the importance of healthy weight in children. The NCMP is part of the government's strategy to tackle the continuing rise in excess weight. Although the policy on child obesity covers a period of 12 years, progress over the period 2008-11 will be monitored through the inclusion of child obesity (as shown by NCMP data) as one of the indicators in the child health Public Service Agreement (PSA). When interpreting the results, it is important to consider the possible effects of participation rate on prevalence rates.
Measurement of children's heights and weights, without shoes and coats and in normal, light, indoor clothing, was overseen by healthcare professionals and undertaken in school by trained staff. PCT staff entered these data into specially designed spreadsheets: the NCMP data-capture tool. Measurements could be taken at any time during the 2006/07 academic year. Consequently, some children were almost two years older than others in the same school year at the point of measurement. There was an increase in participation rates between 2005/06 and 2006/07 so comparisons should not be made, because the increase in participation rates between the two years might skew comparisons. The participation rate was 48% in 2005/06 and 80% in 2006/07. Prevalence rates were calculated by deriving every child's BMI and referencing the age and sex-specific UK National BMI percentiles classification to count the number of children defined as overweight or obese. The results are derived from the postcode of the school.
25 Apr 2018
Overweight and obese in reception year
a low value is good
Prevalence of underweight, healthy weight, overweight and obese children (based on the postcode of the school)